Sometimes you look at a photograph and think to yourself no, that can’t be right, someone’s photoshopped it. You’d be forgiven for thinking that about Hokitika Gorge. Published photos of this place seem so impossibly blue, framed by cold grey rocks and surrounded by the lush green native bush. But when we get there Mrs P and I can see there’s nothing fake about it. This place is the real deal.
Access to the waters of the Hokitika River is via a series of paths and boardwalks through the forest, which open out onto a swing bridge across the river. The swing bridge offers excellent views of the blue-green waters of the Hokitika River as it cuts a path through the gorge.
We continue on beyond the bridge for a few hundred metres, and the path leads to a jumble of riverside rocks over which dozens of eager tourists are scrambling, all anxious to get the perfect photo. I confess that we did the same, but this really is one place on our travels that we need to record for posterity.
Why is the water such an amazing shade of turquoise? Apparently it’s caused by something called ‘rock flour’ which is rock that has been ground down by glaciers high in the mountains and is so fine that instead of settling to the bottom of the river it remains suspended in the water. This phenomenon isn’t unique to Hokitika, or even to New Zealand, but it’s absolutely stunning and well worth a visit. On this occasion the photographs don’t lie.
From the gorge we make our way to the National Kiwi Centre in Hokitika town. The kiwi is New Zealand’s national bird. We’d love to see one in the wild but they’re nocturnal, shy and very rare, so as an insurance policy we’re visiting the Centre where they have some captive birds in a custom-built replica of their natural environment.
There are no windows, and they turn the lights on at night and off during the day to enable daytime visitors like us to see the kiwi as they dash around their enclosure in near total darkness. Of course, it’s rather difficult to see them because it’s so bloody dark in there, and we’re quite rightly not allowed to take photos because the flash would traumatise the birds.
Nevertheless, we can make out through the gloom that these are large, stocky birds with improbably long beaks. Although we struggle to see them there’s no missing the noise they make, as one of them is given to screaming at the top of his voice, and at such a high pitch that it would probably shatter the glass if this place had any windows.
The Centre is a learning resource that seeks to ensure locals and visitors alike get to know more about kiwis. Amongst other things, we learn how it came about that all New Zealanders are referred to as Kiwis.
New Zealanders have been ‘Kiwis” since the days of the First World-War. It is a nickname bestowed by fellow Australian soldiers using their boot polish that had the image of a Kiwi on the tin – placed there in honour of the makers wife’s homeland and it stuck. Kiwi are a natural fit with New Zealander’s national psyche – we relate to their quirkiness.SOURCE: The National Kiwi Centre website, retrieved 13 November 2019
As well as the kiwis the Centre displays a few other New Zealand speciality species. The one that interests me the most is the tuatara. Key facts about the tuatara are these:
The Tuatara are only found in New Zealand and are sometimes referred to as the world’s oldest living fossil. They are the only survivors of their reptile species which lived before the dinosaur age, over 200 million years ago. They are the largest reptile in New Zealand but are not a lizard. They are cold blooded but unlike most reptiles, prefer cooler weather.
In Maori, the name Tuatara means ‘Peaks on the Back’ and this is especially evident on the male Tuatara who has a crest of spines running down their neck and along their back. They stiffen these spines to look impressive to the females or to intimidate other males.
Juveniles have a third eye on the top of their head which is believed to help soak up UV rays to help them grow. This eye is not usually visible because they grow scales over it between 4-6 months of age.
Tuatara are slow growing until 35 years old and can live over 100 years. Males can grow up to half a metre in length and weigh 1.5kgSOURCE: The National Kiwi Centre website, retrieved 13 November 2019
Although, as a keen birdwatcher, I’m pleased to see the kiwi, to be able to see a living, breathing tuatara is a special treat. As a kid I was fascinated by all reptiles and knew about the tuatara, but never believed I’d see one in the flesh. Of course, I’d much rather see them, and kiwis, in the wild, but it’s reassuring to know that serious efforts are being made here and elsewhere to protect their future.